Addiction is the psychological and behavioral impulses characterized by cravings, compulsion, and the inability to stop using despite negative consequences.
Substance addictions include alcohol, tobacco, opioids (painkillers or heroin), prescription drugs (such as anti-anxiety medications or sleeping pills), marijuana, cocaine, inhalants, and other substances. Each addiction has a different set of symptoms and effects on the body and each addiction has different options for treatment.
Signs of addiction include:
- Taking a substance more often and in higher quantities than intended
- A desire to reduce use without success
- Significant time used to acquire, use and recover from a substance
- Feeling increased cravings for the substance
- Reduced performance at work, home or school
- Poor relationships with family, friends, and within social circles due to continued use
- Engaging in risky behaviors that put oneself or others in danger
- Inclination to criminal activity
- Developing tolerance, requiring greater usage to achieve the same effect
- Experiencing withdrawal symptoms after reducing use (physical symptoms vary based on substance used)